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Wednesday, October 31, 2012

social studies first review

Social Studies Review
  • Mesopotamia-3000 B.C.E-modern day iraq. in 1500 B.C.E they got divided into 2 political zones
  • Qin-by whatever means necessary,legalists (that is how they were successful)
  • Daoism - there is good in all evil and evil in all good (ying yang) aka taoism, meditation, star wars
  • Mandate of heaven-good person-good king .during the Zhou period.
  • Legalism- formed by Shang Yang. against  Confucianism, during the warring States period, school of thought.  “It is the position of the ruler, not the ruler himself or herself, that holds the power”. Special tactics and "secrets" are to be employed by the ruler to make sure others don't take over control of the state.
  • Confucianism- founded by confucius (551-479 B.C.E) stresses love...if everyone followed these laws life will be better
five fundamental relationships:
1.ruler to subject
2.father to son
3.husband to wife
4.brother to brother
5.friend to friend

  • Nubia - (3100-350 B.C.E)modern day-southern part of egypt and northern part of modern day sudan..existed along the nile captured by Egyptians , noble children were taken into Egypt...allies with Palestine...extension of egypt
  • Trade corridor-any area that is easy to pass (goods or items) through
  • Egypt-(circa 1532-1070 B.C.E) close to Nile, invented millimeter, they took over nubia
  • Fertile crescent-Tigris and Euphrates,when it flooded (unpredictably) it overflowed. Called Mesopotamia.
  • Celtic art -everything was connected and flowing, there is a bigger picture, very abstract
  • Hammurabi - failed ruler of summaria , eye for an eye , created a code of law c
  • Assyrians-(1300-612 B.C.) From North Mesopotamia. Grew barley and raised cattle. Their good location (rainfall and good trade) led to enemies attacking them to conquer the land. Briefly gained power in 1300 B.C.E then died out until 900 B.C.E where they controlled Mesopotamia, egypt and some of Asia. Assyrians relied on their military, they were very militaristic (weapons, cavalry, strong men.) Their captives were either enslaved or killed.
  • Decentralization of authority- branchout authority ...branched out leaders have more power than central authority
  • Nubia's downfall-roman commerce shifted focus to aksum(ethiopia) via the red sea which led to nubia’s downfall
  • Joser-built first pyramid, Egyptian pharaoh Djoser was the first or second king of the 3rd Dynasty (ca. 2667 to 2648 BC) of the Egyptian Old Kingdom (ca. 2686 to 2125 BC).[1] He is believed to have ruled for 19 years or, if the 19 years were biennial taxation years, 38 years[6]. He reigned long enough to allow the grandiose plan for his pyramid to be realized in his lifetime.[5]
  • Gaul-modern day France, a.k.a Celts
  • Julius Caesar-observed the Celts with journals (kept a written record of the celts)
  • Celts-over 400 known gods,very fond of war,liked freedom, their gods explained the unexplainable, there is a bigger picture in everything ,a.k.a gauls, no written language of their own, men were muscular, women drank beer and raised children
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