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Wednesday, February 4, 2015

Gemara Quiz Review

We are having a gemara quiz on 2/5/2015. The content is both quizlet lists, as well as some extra material that we had on our midterm (first 2 sections). It will be a little repetitive, because the material on the test and the quizlet lists match up (except for the new terms) 

First, here are the quizlet lists:





Secondly, we have to define the following (write out the definitions):


  • The (6) books of the mishna (ששה סדרי משנה)
    • זרעים
      • Seder of Mishna about agricultural halachot
    • מועד
      • Seder of Mishna about holidays and Shabbat
    • נשים
      • Seder of Mishna about marriage and divorce
    • נזיקין
      • Seder of Mishna about financial issues
    • קדשים
      • Seder of Mishna about the Beit HaMikdash and Korbanot
    • טהרות
      •  Seder of Mishna about purity and impurity
  • 4 books of Shulchan Aruch (שלחן ערוך)
    • חשן משפט
      • Section of Shulchan Aruch about financial law
    • יורה דעה
      • Section of Shulchan Aruch about various prohibitions including Kashrut
    • אבן העזר
      • Section of Shulchan Aruch about marriage and divorce
    • אורח חיים
      • Section of Shulchan Aruch about holidays, Shabbat, and everyday halacha
  • תנאים
    • Rabbis from 20 BCE - 200 CE. Their opinions are recorded in Mishna and Braita

  • אמוראים
    • Rabbis from 200 CE - 550 CE. Their opinions are recorded in the Gemara
  • ארבעה אבות נזיקין
    • שור
      • Damages caused by one's animal
    • בור
      • Pit - damages caused by something dangerous left in public
    • מבעה
      • Person - damage caused directly by a person's act
    • הבער
      • Fire - damage caused by a fire a person lit.
    • שור 
      • Damages caused by one's animal
        • קרן
          • Goring: Damages caused by one's animal's aggressive act
        • שן
          • Tooth: Damages caused by one's animal's eating
        • רגל
          • Leg: Damages caused by one's animal's trampling
    • Intentions
      • מזיד
        • On purpose
      •  שוגג
        • By accident  
    • המוציא מחבירו עליו הראיה
      • The one who is trying to take money away has to bring the 100% proof.
    • מלאכת מחשבת
      • The concept that in order to violate Shabbat you must have had intention
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